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Anime

Page history last edited by Kathryn Hansen 10 years, 6 months ago

 

This is an example of the wide range of drawing styles anime can adopt

Anime

Anime is a term used for a style of Japanese comic book and video cartoon animation. Anime originated in Japan and is characterized by stark colorful graphics depicting vibrant characters in action-filled plots often with futuristic or fantastic themes. Some of the main characters have large doe-like eyes. Anime is the prevalent style in Japanese comic books or Manga. In Japan the comic book is a popular form of entertainment for adults as well as younger audiences.Story lines are often very sophisticated and complex and extend into episodic series.(1)  there is a lot of controversy surrounding the word anime itself. To some it means animation in the style developed by the Japanese. The word animeeshon in Japanese means simply animation. Anime is a shortened slang term that means all animation inclusing Beauty and the Beast and the Flintstones. The least controversial defintion that most fits what I can understand today is that anime isanimation created in the style(mainly visual, but also in sometimes fanciful settings, emotional characterizations, and type of storytelling) that was pioneered by Tezuka Osamu, and refined by the Japanese during the second half of the 20th century."(3) 

History

Anime began at the start of the 20th century when Japanese filmmakers experimented with animation techniques. By the 1930's, animation became an alternative format of storytelling to the underdeveloped live-action industry in Japan(2). One of the more influential Japanese filmmakers was  Tezuka Osamu he adapted many Disney animation techniques to reduce costs and the number of frames in the production.During the 1970's there was a surge of growth in the popularity of manga(comic books) which were often later animated. In the 1980's anime  became more accepted in the mainstream Japan and experienced a boon in production. Following a few successful adaptations if anime in overseas markets in the 80's anime gained increased acceptance in those markets in the 1990's and 200's.(2)

Characteristics

While different titles and different artists have their own artistic styles, many stylistic elements have become so common they have been described as being definitive of anime in general. However this does not mean that all anime share one strict common art style. As you can see in the image above many different drawing styles are used in this genre. Generally the most common from of anime drawings have"exaggerated physical features such as large eyes, big hair and elongated limbs.

 

We watched Howl's Moving Castle as one of the films in our class. it is from this genre. This image shows some of the fantastic detail and artwork, as well as the very human expressions of the characters.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (1). http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Anime

 (2). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anime

 (3). http://animeworld.com/essays/defineanime.html

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